Being the oldest and most cosmopolitan district in Paris, Le Marais which means "swamp", became the residence of great personalities. In the 13th century the "Order of the Temple" and many other religious institutions settled down here. From that time to the 17th century, nobles also came along. Its mansions made of this area the most fashionable one in the capital. But its golden ages were interrupted first of all by the departure of Louis XIV from Paris to Versailles in 1682 along with the nobility The abandoned mansions were thus transformed into small industries obliterating the beauty of its classic French architecture. In the early 20th century, Le Marais became more popular when Jewish communities coming from Eastern Europe, mainly as a result of Russian pogroms, made it their home. Much of this past can still be seen.